Current and Former Legacy Scholars

2024 Page/Johnson Legacy Scholars - Ethics Training in Public Relations, Journalism, Advertising and Strategic Communication

Transparency effects: Audience perceptions of journalists’ ethics training disclosure
Alyssa Appelman (University of Kansas) and Kirstie Hettinga (California Lutheran University)

A caring compass: Developing ethical guidelines for navigating (mis/dis)information
Courtney Boman, Laura Lemon, and LaTonya Taylor (University of Alabama)

Beyond compliance: Disability ethics training for an inclusive PR workplace
Edward Timke and Chuqing Dong (Michigan State University)

Examining the role of PR in communicating ethics training and DEI within organization
Rosalynn Vasquez (Baylor University)

Develop counterfactual thinking to enhance core ethics competencies: Effects of game-based solutions in organizational ethics training
Lewen Wei (University of New South Wales) and Nahyun Kim (Drexel University)

Navigating ethical frontiers in AI-driven advertising: A comprehensive study on guidelines, policies and practical implementation strategies
Rachel Esther Lim, Sujin Kim, and Skye Cooley (Oklahoma State University)

2024 - Page/Johnson Legacy Scholars - Scholar/Practitioner Collaborations

Disinformation in the influencer age establishing best practices for influencer relations
Staci Smith (Utah Valley University), Brian Smith (Brigham Young University), Karen Freberg (University of Louisville)

Partners: Marco Nicolini (North Atlantic Treaty Organization Strategic Communications Centre of Excellence) and Angela Dwyer (Fullintell)

Ethical integration in AI for crisis communication: An international project in the U.S. and European countries
Yang Cheng (North Carolina State University), Yan Jin (University of Georgia), Jaekuk Lee (North Carolina State University), Wenqing Zhao and Nicole Cortes (University of Georgia)

Partner: Philippe Borremans (International Association of Risk & Crisis Communication)

Drivers and barriers of artificial intelligence technology adoption in public relations: Exploration of practitioners and client perceptions of ethical use of AI
Joon Kim and Ammina Kothari (University of Rhode Island)

Partner: Bret Werner (MikeWorldWide)

The roles of mindfulness and emotional intelligence in cultivating listening competencies and employee outcomes: Theoretical framework and practical guidelines
Fay Chen (University of San Francisco), Katie Place (Quinnipiac University)

Partners: Ann Barlow (Peppercomm) and John McCartney (Jmac Public Relations)

Using the hidden histories to inspire, motivate, and attract more diverse students to the PR field
Shelley Spector (Museum of Public Relations)

2024 Page/Johnson Legacy Scholars - Expanding theory for integrity in public communication

Seizing the moment: Redirecting public relations theory to position equity and accessibility
as central to the public voice’s post-covid mandate
Dean Mundy and Sandra Boone (University of Oregon)

Advancing relationship management theory: Incorporating dialogic stewardship and ethics of care in a polarizing political environment
Jordan Morehouse (University of Colorado), Virginia Harrison (Clemson University), and Chuqing Dong (Michigan State University)

Networked resilience to online misinformation
Shuning Lu (North Dakota State University) and Yan Qu (University of Maryland)

A model for disaster mental health communication: Testing a three-pronged approach to support communicators and affected publics
J. Suzanne Horsley and Daphne S. Cain (University of Alabama)

Applying uses and gratifications theory to the electronic access of court records:
Can communication theory guide the application of artificial intelligence tools to ensure the ethical release of government information?
Amy Kristin Sanders (University of Texas at Austin)

Combatting disinformation campaigns by harnessing the power of memes
Hye Jin Yoon (University of Georgia) and Yan Huang (University of Houston)

2023 Page/Johnson Legacy Scholars - Digital Analytics

Organizational communication and education for ethical use of artificial intelligence applied digital analytics
Won-Ki Moon (University of Florida) and Sangwook Lee (Penn State)

The impact of corporate data responsibility on user trust in algorithmic recommendation systems: A mixed-methods approach
Joon Soo Lim (Syracuse University), Chunsik Lee and Junga Kim (University of North Florida), and Donghee Shin (Zayed University)

Exploring public attitudes and behaviors towards artificial intelligence use in hiring
Ying Xiong and Joon Kyoung Kim (University of Rhode Island)

Fostering digital internal listening: The impact of EORs and employees’ supportive behaviors
Yuan Wang (City University of Hong Kong) and Rita Linjuan Men (University of Florida)

When PR meets AI: Understanding public relations professionals’ perceptions about ethical issues of artificial intelligence and their relevant roles as ethics counsel in organizations
I-Huel Cheng (National Chengchi University), Karla Gower (University of Alabama), and Seow Ting Lee (University of Colorado Boulder)

Toward trust: The importance of algorithm transparency signaling in AI-assisted communication
Keonyoung Park (Hong Kong Baptist University) and Ho Young Yoon (Ewha Womans University)

Telling the truth about data analytics: A data privacy transparency analysis
Jonathan Obar and Giuseppina D’Agostino (York University)

2023 Page/Johnson Legacy Scholars - Prosocial Communication

Creating shared purpose, dialogic communication, organization listening and tensions: Exploring the role of communication to resolve ageing-care problems in Australia and New Zealand
Flora Hung-Baesecke and Maureen Taylor (University of Technology Sydney) and Yi-Ru Regina Chen (Hong Kong Baptist University)

Licensed to greenwash? Exploring sustainability-driven prosocial communication strategies through the moral framework of corporate sustainability communication
Shupei Yuan (Northern Illinois University) and Haoran Chu (University of Florida)

How should U.S. companies communicate about geopolitical issues? Toward a normative model of corporate prosocial communication
Yi Grace Ji (Boston University), Yufan Sunny Qin (James Madison University), Jie Jin and Linjuan Rita Men (University of Florida), and Zifei Fay Chen (University of San Francisco)

Using message framing and the endorser to communicate corporate social advocacy: A social identity approach
Duli Shi and Sangwon Lee (New Mexico State University)

Promoting bone marrow donation through sharing personal narratives: An ethical perspective
Nicole O’Donnell (Washington State University)

Developing corporate social advocacy through the NGO and refugee lens: Lessons for navigating the risks of prosocial communication
Brian Smith and Staci Smith (Brigham Young University)

Social media influencers, emotional flow, and elevation uplift narrative persuasion on mental health prosocial communication: A media psychophysiology approach
Yen-I Lee and Di Mu (Washington State University) and Michaela Gearty and Yan Jin (University of Georgia)

Prosocial communication in social media for public resilience during a collective tragedy
Jo-Yun Queenie Li and Yeunjae Lee (University of Miami)

Communicating CEO activism for employee prosocial behaviors: Exploring the effects of CEO activist communication on employee prosocial sensemaking and prosocial behaviors
Young Kim and Katharine E. Miller (Marquette University)

Can PR be local, global, and prosocial? Transnational CSA and practitioner negotiation amid contentious issues
Luke Capizzo (University of Missouri), Jeannette Iannacone and Drew T. Ashby-King (University of Maryland)

Cultivating prosocial motivation in messaging: A conceptual and operational toolbox tailored to nonprofit health communication
Amanda Hinnant (University of Missouri) and Sisi Hu (University of Arkansas)

Extending the model of media advocacy for strategic and ethical communication
Minhee Choi (Virginia Commonwealth University) and Kelli S. Boling (University of Nebraska-Lincoln)

2022 Page/Johnson Legacy Scholars - Sustainability Communication

A theory-based mobile app intervention for forming and sustaining pro-environmental habits
Ching-Hua Chuan, Michelle I. Seelig, Weiting Tao, and Wan-Hsiu Tsai (University of Miami)

Activating fan activism: A case study of the partnership between the United Nations and BTS on sustainability communication among Gen Z and Millennials
Baobao Song and Minhee Choi (Virginia Commonwealth University)

Communication at the intersection of environment, health, and inequality: The case of public messaging from the Environmental Defense Fund
Chris Skurka (Penn State University), Helen Joo and Rainer Romero-Canyas (Environmental Defense Fund)

Creating an antecedent to greenwashing through prebunking
Courtney D. Boman and Matthew S. VanDyke (University of Alabama)

Examining corporate social advocacy in the context of sustainability and environmental justice: An application of moral decoupling theory
Luke Capizzo and Andrea Martinez Gonzalez (James Madison University)

Encouraging pro-environmental behavior and circular economy initiative among women groups in Indonesia: What works? What doesn’t? and why?
Gregoria Arum Yudarwati (Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta)

Explicating the role of personal ethics in public engagement: A new public segmentation strategy for effective sustainability communication, integrating theories of problem solving and personal ethics
Jeong-Nam Kim (University of Oklahoma), Alessandro Lovari (Università degli studi di Cagliari), Hyelim Lee (University of Oklahoma) and Cristina Vaz de Almeida (Technical University of Lisbon)

From greenwashing to saving the planet: An exploration of how mainstream, Hispanic and Black media and their public spheres portray and judge organizations’ environmental sustainability (in)actions
Ioana Coman (Texas Tech University), Gabriel Dominguez Partida (Universidad Panamericana), and Nihar Sreepada (Missouri State University)

Internal sustainability branding and employees’ pro-environmental behaviors
Yeunjae Lee, Ruoyu Sun, and Enzhu Dong (University of Miami)

Promoting ethical consumerism through sustainability influencers: How do influencers inspire the public to adopt a sustainable lifestyle?
Hyosun Kim (Indiana State University)

When corporate sustainability violates public expectations: Insights from stakeholders’ perspective
Juan Liu (Towson University)

When sustainability challenges sport: How motorsport is adapting to and promoting sustainable development goals
Virginia S. Harrison (Clemson University) and Rosalynn Vasquez (Boston University)

2021 Page/Johnson Legacy Scholars - Corporate Social Advocacy

Assessing factors that affect activists’ perceptions of corporate social advocacy authenticity

Nicole O’Donnell (Virginia Commonwealth University) and Yanni Ma (Oregon State University)

Building an audience-centric framework of situational corporate social advocacy strategy: A mixed-method approach

Jiun-Yi Tsai (Northern Arizona University), Ioana Alexandria Coman (Texas Tech University) and Shupei Yuan (Northern Illinois University)

Communicating CSA with supporters and opponents: Exploring the extended Social Identity Model of Collective Action and the role of identity

Anli Xiao (University of South Carolina) and Christen Buckley (Penn State University)

Communicating for justice and equality: Women's sport and corporate social advocacy

Dunja Antunovic and Nicole M. LaVoi (University of Minnesota-Twin Cities), Nancy Lough (UNLV) Ann Pegoraro (University of Guelph) and Katie Lebel (Ryerson University)

Companies getting political: Public-company identity similarity and its influences on public reactions to corporate social advocacy initiatives

Hao Xu, Jisu Huh, and Hyejoon Rim (University of Minnesota-Twin Cities)

Conceptualization and measurement: A scale for measuring consumer perceptions of corporate social advocacy
Melissa Dodd (University of Central Florida)

Exploring the role of self-transcendent media experiences in corporate social advocacy: Analyzing its dimensions and testing its effects

Alan Abitbol (University of Dayton) and Matthew VanDyke (University of Alabama)

Investigating the effect of CSA on organization-public relationships: Focusing on CSA forms and message sources

Joon Kyoung Kim (University of Rhode Island) and Won-Ki Moon (University of Texas at Austin)

Understanding CSA from the perspectives of public relations professionals and employees: An application of a co-orientation model

Hyejoon Rim (University of Minnesota-Twin Cities), Moonhee Cho (University of Tennessee) and Katie Haejung Kim (University of Minnesota-Twin Cities)

2021 Page/Johnson Legacy Scholars - Ethics of Care

Building meaningful relationships: Development and application of an ethics of care scale to advance organization-public relationships

Melanie Formentin (Towson University)

Examining the influence of ethics of care & servant leadership in public relations

Marlene Neill (Baylor University) and Juan Meng (University of Georgia)

“In solidarity”: Campus community organizing as an ethics of care practice

Teri Del Rosso (University of Memphis)

Organizational ethics of care for employees: Scale development and validation

Weiting Tao and Yeunjae Lee (University of Miami)

Patient influencers: The morality of paid influence in pharmaceutical advertising

Erin Willis (University of Colorado-Boulder), Erin Schauster (University of Colorado-Boulder), Maria Len-Rios, (University of Georgia) and Marjorie Delbaere (University of Saskatchewan)

Toward a caring government: Examining public relations practitioners’ approaches to ethics of care in the public sector

Chuqing Dong (Michigan State University) and Jordan Morehouse (Clemson University)

The road less travelled: Toward building an agent-based approach to ethics of care for public communication

Jane Johnston (University of Queensland) and Jenny Zhengye Hou (Queensland University of Technology, Australia)

"Who cares?” Questioning the ethic of care in disaster crisis communication in Indonesia

Gregoria Arum Yudarwati (Meganusa Prayudi Ludvianto) and Ina Nur Ratriyana (Atma Jaya University-Yogyakarta)

2021 Page/Johnson Legacy Scholars - Curriculum on Activism

Brands, digital media and policy advocacy

Alison Novak (Rowan University)

Parallels among public interest communication, cause communication and activism

Brigitta Brunner (Auburn University) and Corey Hickerson (James Madison University)

Shareholder activism as force for good

Alexander Laskin (Quinnipiac University)

Social media activism through the lens of #BlackLivesMatter

Jasmine Roberts (Ohio State University)

2020 Page/Johnson Legacy Scholars -- Organizational Listening

Developing a Scale of Organizational Listening
Giselle Auger (Rhode Island College) and Moonhee Cho (University of Tennessee)

A Study of Stakeholders' Conceptualizations of Organizational Listening
Diana Sisson (Auburn University) Graham Bodie (University of Mississippi) and Debra Washington (Auburn University)

Breaking Employee Silence via Employee Dialogic Engagement: A Model of Employee Silence at Individual, Organizational, and Cultural Levels and a Proposal of Internal Organizational Listening Competency Diagnostic Tool
Minjeong Kang and Bitt Moon  (Indiana University)

In search of representativeness and diversity: Organizational listening in a multi-stakeholder environment
Lisa Tam (Queensland University of Technology) Helen Hutchings (Philips Group) and Soojin Kim (University of Technology Sydney)

City of Fort Worth’s Efforts to Listen and Re-build Trust Among Diverse and Marginalized Stakeholders
Julie O’Neill, Jacquie Lambiase, Ashley English (Texas Christian University)

Harnessing the Power of Chatbots for Organizational Social Listening
Rita Men (University of Florida) Alvin Zhou (University of Pennsylvania) and Sunny Tsai (University of Miami)

Ethical Organizational Listening for Stakeholder Engagement and Responsibility
Marlene Neill (Baylor University) and Shannon Bowen (University of South Carolina)

Organizational Social Listening & Corporate Climate Advocacy: What Happens When Organizations Don't Listen
Ioana Coman and Rosalyn Vazquez (Texas Tech University)

Extending Civic Values in Architectures of Listening: Arendt, Mouffe, and the Pluralistic Imperative for Organizational Listening
Luke Capizzo (James Madison University)

Listening to Historically Marginalized Publics: Brand Activism and LGBTQ Stakeholders
Ha Young Lim, Erica Ciszek, Won-Ki Moon (University of Texas at Austin)

Toward a Normative Internal Communication Model for Gender Discrimination in the Workplace: A Cross-Cultural Study
Yeunjae Lee, Jo-Yun Queenie Li, and Wan-Hsui Sunny Tsai (University of Miami)

Assessing Stakeholder Expectations for Organizational Social Listening
Sarah Maben and Christopher Gearhart (Tarleton State University)

2019 Page/Johnson Legacy Scholars -- Advocacy Communications 

"How and when should corporations engage in social issues: Examining corporations' perceived responsibility for social advocacy" Lucinda Austin (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill) and Barbara Gaither (Elon University)

"Youth activism and media relations: Advocacy and issues management in the wake of the Parkland High School shooting" Erica Ciszek (University of Texas at Austin)

"The role of media discourse and NGO advocacy for marginalized populations: Fostering social change and integration" Daniela Dimitrova (Iowa State University) and Emel Ozdora Aksak (Bilkent University)

"Antecedents and outcomes of corporate political advocacy among consumers" Linda Hon and Leping You (University of Florida)

"Playing for mental health and social change: Evaluation of an interactive game for mental health promotion among college students" Soyoon Kim and Queenie Jo-Yun Li (University of Miami)

"Construction and validation of new scales of advocacy and activism" Brooke McKeever, Robert McKeever and Minhee Choi (University of South Carolina)

2019 Page/Johnson Legacy Scholars --  Narratives

"Effects of narrative video political ads on voter attitudes" Jeff Conlin and Guolan Yang (Pennsylvania State University)

"Are repeated stories a good strategy? Effects of textual, numeric, and visual messages in digital political communication" Juliana Fernandes and Weiting Tao (University of Miami) and Yi Grace Ji (Virginia Commonwealth University)

"Tell me about the #fluvaccine: Using narratives to encourage vaccination" Jeanine Guidry (Virginia Commonwealth University) Lucinda Austin (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill) Nicole O'Donnell and Jay Adams (Virginia Commonwealth University) and Ioana Coman (Texas Tech University)

"What makes social movement campaigns go viral on social media? The role of narrative features and cultural influences" Yan Jin, Yen-I Lee and Xuerong Lu (University of Georgia)

"Developing the female candidate's story: An ethnographic case study of narrative development in women's political training program" Stephanie Madden (Pennsylvania State University) and Abby Levenshus (Butler University)

"Constructing the cowboy and Indian alliance metanarrative: Rhetorical micro-mobilizations in strategic environmental communication" Derek Moscato (Western Washington University)

"Science stories over time: The longitudinal effects of consuming science narratives via social media" Jessica Myrick (Pennsylvania State University)

"Correcting health misinformation through narratives: Investigating the interplay of correction message, mechanism and time" Weirui Wang (Florida International University) and Yan Huang (Southern Methodist University)

"The re-enchantment of narratives and authentic storytelling in disaster risk communications: A case study of 'Resilient Queensland Stories'" Jenny Zhengye Hou (Queensland University of Technology)

2018 Page/Johnson Legacy Scholars - 'Fake News'

“Combating the spread of fake news and misinformation on social media” Leticia Bode (Georgetown University), Melissa Tully (University of Iowa); and Emily Vraga (George Mason University)

“Internet governance and the priming of (fake) news content for automated media” Christopher Cox (Georgia State University)

“Truth-telling trumps fake news: Successfully safeguarding the company reputation” Michele Ewing and Cheryl Ann Lambert (Kent State University)

“Public relations students’ attitudes and aptitudes in media literacy and ‘fake news’: An analysis of future PR professionals” Jami Fullerton (Oklahoma State University); Alice Kendrick (Southern Methodist University); and Lori Melton McKinnon (Oklahoma State University)

“We the people: Fake news dissemination as a byproduct of citizen’s civic practices” Toby Hopp, Patrick Ferrucci, and Chris Vargo (University of Colorado at Boulder)

“Understanding public relations roles as the ethics counsel in the age of fake news” Mi Rosie Jahng (Wayne State University) and Hyunmin Lee (Drexel University)

“How can we prevent fake news consumption? Exploring framing effects for fact-checking messages” Hernando Rojas and Kwansik Mun (University of Wisconsin at Madison)

“Emotions as catalyst for spreading misinformation: the case of ‘Fake News’” Sela Sar (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)

“Examining the effects of fake news on social media: The role of fake news sources, fake news correction sources and rebuttal messages” Michail Vafeiadis (Auburn University) and Anli Xiao (Pennsylvania State University)

“The visceral notice of fake news: Effects of warning labels on Facebook consumers’ attention and emotional responses to online misinformation” Bartosz Wojdynski (University of Georgia)

“Comparing the transmission dynamics of real news vs. fake news: A dynamic network analysis of the Zika epidemic on Twitter” Qian Xu (Elon University) and Shi Chen (University of North Carolina at Charlotte)

Open Call

“The effects of self-construal on green CSR perspectives in the U.S. and India: The moderating roles of environmental consciousness” Nandini Bhalla (University of South Carolina)

“A learning-based model of transparent communication effectiveness” Toby Hopp and Jolene Fisher (University of Colorado at Boulder)

“Co-creation of shared value through participatory corporate social responsibility” Sun Young Lee (Texas Tech University)

“Can employees increase trust in CSR initiatives? A cross-national study” Geah Pressgrove (West Virginia University); Carolyn Kim (Biola University); and Cristobal Barra (Universidad de Chile)

“Is mission driven more motivating than profit driven? An examination of bike sharing programs” Kim Sheehan (University of Oregon)_ and Kati Tusinski Berg (Marquette University)

“Understanding native communication of corporate social responsibility (CSR)” Linwan Wu and Holly Ott (University of South Carolina)

“Moment of truth: Understanding corporate rumors and the psychology of rumor spread on environmental issues via social media” Fan Yang (University of Albany) and Holly Ott (University of South Carolina)

2017 Page/Johnson Legacy Scholars - Digital Media

“Strategic CSR Communication in Social Media: The Effectiveness of Stakeholder Information, Engagement and Hybrid Strategies when Factoring Corporate Reputation” Yeonsoo Kim  (James Madison University)

“Era of Social Interaction and Social Judgment: Increasing Publics' Involvement and Empowerment Through Social Media” Moon J. Lee and Jun Wong Chun (University of Florida)

“Building Support for the Elderly: Using Age-Morphing Technology to Motivate Millennials and Generation X” Eunice Kim, Linda Hon and Ah-Ram Lee (University of Florida)

“CEO Ghost Posting: Ethics and Effects on Employee Perceptions and Organization-Employee Relationships” Tom Kelleher, Rita Linjuan Men and Patrick Thelen (University of Florida)

“Measuring the Impact of Authentic and Dialogic CSR Communication on Online Brand Community Engagement” Joon Soo Lim and Hua Jiang (Syracuse University)

“Emotion Contagion and Stakeholder Engagement on Nonprofit Organizations' Facebook Sites” Zongchao Cathy Li (San Jose State Unviersity); Yi Grace Ji (Virginia Commonwealth University); Zifei Fay Chen (University of San Francisco); Weiting Tao and Don Stacks (University of Miami)

“Understanding the Social Media Engagement and Relationship Outcomes of Mobile Corporate Social Responsibility” Yang Cheng (North Carolina State University); Yan Jin (University of Georgia); Flora Hung-Baesecke (Massey University); and Regina Y. R. Chen (Hong Kong Baptist University)

“Exploring Practices and Implications of Digital Public Relations Engagement with Low-Income Publics” Katie R. Place (Quinnipiac University)

“Walking the Walk or Just Talking the Talk: Digital Media, Dialogue, and Ethical Communication with Diverse Publics” Erica Ciszek (University of Houston)

“Social Care: Building Organizational Credibility with Key Publics Through Social Media” Karen Freberg (University of Louisville) and Carolyn Kim (Biola University)

“Posting and Snapping about Wall and Travel Ban: Designing Ethical Social Media Strategies for Visual Messaging on Immigration Issues” Marcus Messner, Jeanine Guidry and Jay Adams (Virginia Commonwealth University)

“How Virtual Reality Engages Publics: The Role of Presence, Authenticity and Emotions” Ming (Bryan) Wang (University of Nebraska)

“Exploring the Role of Social Media Usage in Creating an Engaged Workplace” Michele E. Ewing (Kent State University), Rita Linjuan Men (University of Florida); and Julie O’Neil (Kent State University)

“Errors and Corrections in Digital News Content” Kirstie Hettinga (California Lutheran University) and Alyssa Appelman, (Northern Kentucky University)

“Building Social Capital through Social Media in Public Relations” Hilary Fussell Sisco (Quinnipiac University)

“A ‘Crucial Catch’: Examining Sports Fans' Response to Corporate Social Responsibility Messaging on Social Media” Michael Devlin and Kim Sheehan (Texas State University)

“The Use of Influence Tactics by Public Relations Practitioners to Provide Ethics Counsel” Marlene Neill (Baylor University)

“Enhancing Control Mutuality: The Role of Authenticity on Nonprofits' Relationship Management on Social Media” Diana Sisson (Auburn University)

2016 Page/Johnson Legacy Scholars - Faculty/Practitioner

Yi-Ru Regina Chen (Hong Kong Baptist University) Ben Boyd (Edelman), Don Stacks (University of Miami), Ansgar Zerfass (University of Leipzig), Chun-Ju Flora Hung-Baesecke (Massey University) and Shannon Bowen (University of South Carolina) “Transforming CSR: Creating Shared Value, Trust and Perceived CEO Quality in the U.S., Germany and China” 

J. Suzanne Horsley (University of Alabama) and Jill Bode (Designed Write Public Relations) “Help, Don’t Harm: Communicating for the Public Good in Disaster” 

Yan Jin (University of Georgia), Shelley Spector (Spector & Associates and the Museum of Public Relations) Bryan Reber (University of Georgia) and Lucinda Austin (University of North Carolina) “Yesterday is Tomorrow: How History Informs Ethical Crisis Communication” 

Nicole Lee (North Carolina State University), Matthew VanDyke (Appalachian State University), Rachel Hutman (Pure Communications) "The Ethics of Climate Change Communication: Understanding Practitioner and Layperson Perceptions of Message Frames”

Marlene Neill (Baylor University) and Nancy Weaver (JT3) “How Millennials View Ethics in Public Relations Practice” 

Weiting Tao (University of Miami), Mary Ann Ferguson (University of Florida), Baobao Song (University of Florida) and Sarab Kochhar (APCO Worldwide) “Employee Prosocial Engagement in CSR through Empowerment in Decision-Making” 

Teaching Modules

Ethical decision-making
Michael Kent (University of Tennessee)

Ethics in global context
Lisa Tam (La Trobe University)

Digital ethics
Alison Novak (Rowan University)

Professional codes of ethics
Jessalynn Strauss (Elon University)

Corey Hickerson (James Madison University) and Brigitta Brunner (Auburn University)

Public relations writing
Lucinda Austin (Elon University)

Introduction to public relations ethics
Carolyn Mae Kim (Biola University)

Media framing and ethics
Dean Mundy (University Oregon)

Core ethical principles
Christie Kleinmann (Belmont University)

Corporate social responsibility
Nur Uysal (Marquette University)

Crisis management
Janice Xu (Holy Family University)

2015 Page/Johnson Legacy Scholars - Sustainability 

Lucy Atkinson (University of Texas at Austin) "Emotions and Climate Change: Moving Beyond Fear to Examine the Role of Hope, Happiness, Sadness and Guilt"

Serena Carpenter, Bruno Takahashi and Kristen Lynch (Michigan State University) "Visual Best Practices in Communicating Sustainability: A Cognitive Science Approach."

Jennifer Hoewe and Brett Sherrick (University of Alabama) "Identifying with (In)Congruent Narratives: Determining the Effectiveness of Sustainability Initiatives in Advertisements for Congruent and Incongruent Companies"

Rajul Jain (DePaul University) "Distinguishing Real from Fake: How Consumers Evaluate Authenticity of Corporate Social Responsibility Programs and What it Means for the Bottom line."

Eyun-Jung Ki (University of Alabama) "The Effect of Organization Sustainability Communication (OSC) on Publics’ Evaluations of an Organization"

Alexander Laskin (Quinnipiac University) "The Third-Person Effects in Investment Decision-Making: The Case of Corporate Sustainability"

Kim Sheehan and Derek Moscato (University of Oregon) "Can Green Opinion Leaders Close the Green Gap?: An Investigation of Citizens’ Perceptions of Green Behaviors, Self-Efficacy and Information Needs"

Fuyuan Shen (Penn State University) "Visual Narratives in Environmental Communication"

Janet Swim and Nathaniel Geiger (Penn State University) "Systemic and Heuristic Processing of Messages about Climate Change"

Open Call

Mary Ann Ferguson and Baobao Song (University of Florida) "Effective CSR Communication: Engaging Consumers’ Prosocial Behavior"

Flora Hung-Baesecke (Massey University) Don W. Stacks (Miami University) Timothy Coombs (University of Central Florida) and Regina Chen (Hong Kong Baptist University) "Exploring the Interplay of Corporate Social Responsibility, Trust, Creating Shared Value, and Public Supportive Behavior: A Comparison Study on the United States and China"

Jensen Moore (Louisiana State University) Robert Pritchard (University of Oklahoma) and Michael Climek (Louisiana State University) "Transparency in Social Media Crisis Responses: A Case Study of Malaysia Airlines “Commitment to Openness” During MH370’s Disappearance"

Marlene Neill (Baylor University) "The State of Public Relations Ethics - Training, Readiness & Pressing Issues" 

Krishnamurthy Sriramesh and Neva Stumberger (Purdue University) "Spirituality, Individual Values, and Organizational Values: Their Impact on Internal Communication and Their Impact on Internal Communication and Corporate Social Responsibility"

Holly Ott (Penn State University) "Communicating Social Responsibility: An Experimental Analysis of Message Strategies in Nonprofit and For-profit Sectors"

David Remund (University of Oregon) and Brooke Weberling McKeever (University of South Carolina) "A Shared Commitment to Integrity: Examining Collaborative Public Relations Leadership and Ethics between CSR Programs and Nonprofit Partners"

Hyejoon Rim (University of Minnesota) "A Cross-Cultural Investigation of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR): Prioritizations of Business Responsibility and Skepticism toward CSR"

Justin Walden (The College at Brockport, SUNY) "The Ethics of Always-On: Exploring the Expectations for Employees as Online and Offline Brand Ambassadors"

Kelly Page Werder (University of South Florida) and Diana Ingenhoff (University of Frigourg, Switzerland) "From Social Responsibility to Social Advocacy: A Multicultural Analysis of the Effects of CSR Communication on the Perceptual, Cognitive, and Motivational Antecedents of CSR Communication on the Perceptual, Cognitive, and Motivational Antecedents to Communication Behavior in Publics"

Candace White (University of Tennessee) and Kathy R. Fitzpatrick (Florida International University) "Corporate Perspectives on the Role of Global Public Relations and CSR in Public Diplomacy"

Gregoria Arum Yudarwati (University of Atma Jaya Yogyakarta, Indonesia) and Marianne D. Sison (RMIT University) "Integrating Global and Local Values in CSR: A Case study of Australia Multinational Companies"

2014 Page/Johnson Legacy Scholars - Stakeholder Engagement

Dustin W. Supa (Boston University) and Melissa D. Dodd (University of Central Florida) “Examining the impact of advertising vs. public relations in consumer engagement”

Heidi Hatfield Edwards (Florida Institute of Technology) “Corporations, causes, and consequences: How companies view their relationships with the causes they support”

John Brummette and Lynn M. Zoch (Radford University) “Identifying the roles that values serve in guiding stakeholder expectations of organizations”

Cheryl Ann Lambert (Boston University) “Fostering ethical engagement with employee affinity groups”

Lan Ni (University of Houston), Qi Wang, Maria De la Flor (Villanova University), and Renato Peñaflor (Communica PR Consulting) “Ethical community stakeholder engagement in the global environment: Impact on relationship management and conflict resolution”

Lucinda L. Austin (Elon University) and Yan Jin (Virginia Commonwealth University) “Crisis information generation and spread: Examining the influence of traditional and social media in ethical and effective crisis response and recovery”

Marcus Messner (Virginia Commonwealth University) “Considering ethics in visual storytelling: A study of nonprofits on Instagram”

Dean Mundy (Appalachian State University) “From principle to policy to practice? Evaluating diversity as a driver of ethical internal and external stakeholder engagement”

Linjuan Rita Men (Southern Methodist University) “Engaging employees: The effects of ethical leadership and symmetrical internal communication”

Serena Carpenter (Michigan State University) “Professional social media communicator roles: An examination of perceptions, conflict and identity”

Shannon A. Bowen (University of South Carolina) “Exploring the role of the dominant coalition in creating an ethical culture for internal stakeholders”

Tom Watson, Georgiana Grigore, & Anastasios Theofilou (Bournemouth University) “Ethical stakeholder engagement: Exploring the Relationship between Corporations and NGOs”

Jennifer Vardeman-Winter (University of Houston) “Ethics and health public relations”

Marcia W. DiStaso, Ph.D. (Pennsylvania State University),   Tina McCorkindale, Ph.D. (Appalachian State University), Hilary Fussell Sisco, Ph.D. (Quinnipiac University)  “Ethically Measuring Social Media Engagement

2013 Page/Johnson Legacy Scholars - Corporate Social Responsibility

Jennifer Barlett (Queenland University of Technology) “Successful Communications about Diversity: An investigation into best practices and future trends”

Kati Berg and Sarah Bonewits Feldner (Marquette University) “Communicating the Social Impact of CSR Programs: Analyzing Corporate Discourse in Social Impact”

Sora Kim & Mary Ann Ferguson (University of Florida) “Predictors to Evaluate Effective CSR Communications”

Richard Waters (University of San Francisco) “Communicating the Social Responsibility of Cross-Sector Collaborations: Experimental Analysis of Message Strategies and Credibility”

Denise Bortree (Penn State University) “Communicating Sustainability: The impact of corporate environmental activities on key publics”

Marcia DiStaso & Tina McCorkindale (Penn State University & Applalachian State University) “Does Ethics Matter? An Analysis of How Corporate Social Responsibility Efforts on Facebook Affect Stakeholders Perceptions and Intended Behavior”

Melissa Dodd & Dustin Supa (SUNY Oswego & Boston University) “Corporate Social Responsibility Re-Examined : Measuring the Influence of ‘Corporate Social Advocacy’ Communications on Consumer Purchase Intention”

Ram Kesavan, Oswald Mascarenhas, Michael Bernacchi (University of Detroit Mercy) “Effective global public relations using United Nation’s MDGs: a research proposal”

Jenna Stites (Penn State University) “Seeking Laurels: Building reputations for corporate social and environmental responsibility”

Tom Watson, Anastasios Theofilou, Georgiana Grigore (Bournemouth University) “Employees as CSR Ambassadors: The role of skepticism”

Joon Soo Lim and Cary A. Greenwood (Middle Tennessee State University) “The Impact of Stakeholder Engagement Strategy for Corporate Social Responsibility Communication on Organizational CSR Reputation and CSR/Public Relations Goal Achievement”

Janice Xu (Holy Family University) “Media Relations during Crisis Management”

Lucinda Austin (Elon University) “Ethical Communications Through Social Media”

Christie Kleinmann, Megan Moe (Lee University) “Corporate social responsibility, leadership, corporate management”

Giselle Auger (Duguesne University) “Transparency”

Laura Papish (State University of New York at Oswego) “Unethical Decisions: Why do they happen and what can we do?”

2012 Page/Johnson Legacy Scholars - Digital Media

Renita Coleman (Univ. Texas, Austin) "How many words is a picture worth? The effects of photos vs. vivid writing on ethical reasoning"

Kati Tusinski Berg (Marquette Univ.) and Kim Bartel Sheehan (Univ. Oregon) "Social media as a CSR communication channel: Understanding firms' decision processes"

Tina McCorkindale (Appalacian State Univ.) "Clouded transparency: An analysis of the perspectives and policies of social media in organizations"

Kirsten Johnson and Tamara Gillis (Elizabethtown College) "Markers of credibility and mainstream media representatives: Developing a social media credibility inventory"

Thomas Bivins, Tiffany Gallicano and Yoon Cho (Univ. Oregon) "A survey of readers to determine ethical guidelines regarding ghost blogging"

Homero Gil de Zuniga, Tom Johnson, and Renita Coleman (Univ. Texas, Austin) "The dialogic potential of social media: Assessing the ethical reasoning of companies' public relations on Twitter and Facebook"

Marcus Messner (Virginia Commonwealth Univ.) "To tweet or not to tweet? An analysis of ethical considerations in social media campaigns of non-profit organizations"

Richard Waters (North Carolina State Univ.) "The impact of organizational disclosure in social media success: Building the framework the theory of engaged communication"

George Anghelchev (Penn State Univ.) "Implicit ethics and cultural differences in public evaluation of corporate responsibility: The case of environmental accidents"

Marcia DiStaso and Denise Bortree (Penn State Univ.) "The ethics of social media measurement on Facebook and Twitter"

Brandie Martin (Penn State Univ.) "To block or not to block: Evaluating corporate social responsibility principles of multi-national information and communication companies during social movements"

2011 Page/Johnson Legacy Scholars

Donnalyn Pompper (Temple University) "A Study of Legal and Public Relations Counselors' Joint Ethical Decision-Making Processes and Outcomes"

Susan Keith (Rutgers University) "Public Relations Ethics Through Journalists' eyes: How the Local Journalism Review Movement Viewed PR: 1958-1975"

Emma Daugherty-Phillingane (California State University, Long Beach) "The Ethical Pathways of Successful Entrepreneurial Women in Public Relations: Challenges, Dilemmas, and Modes of Practice"

Beth Eschenfelder (University of Tampa) "Enhancing Public Relations Ethics Pedagogy Through Student Professional Narratives"

Aine Donovan (Dartmouth College) "Recalling Integrity"

Marcia Distaso (Penn State University) "The State of the Banking Industry: The Difference Between Corporate Communicators and the Public"

Ayobami Ojebodi (University of Ibadan, Nigeria) "Ethical Dilemma Revisited: The Nigerian Journalist and the Convergence of Power, Business and Media Ownership"

2010 Page/Johnson Legacy Scholars - Sustainability 

Ethical Environmental Communications Project:

Brant Short (Northern Arizona University) “From Greenwashing to Social Advocacy: The Ethical Imperative in Green Branding.”

Janas Sinclair (University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill) and Barbara Miller (Elon University) “The Values Basis of Public Response to Marketplace Advocacy and Effects on Environmental Attitudes.”

Harsha Gangadharbatla and Kim Sheehan (University of Oregon) “Framing the Environmental Issue: Implications for Advocates.”

Jacob Park (Green Mountain College) “BP and the Beyond Petroleum Campaign: Ethical Organizational Environmental Communication Case Study in the Business Context.”

Joe Brewer (Director, Cognitive Policy Works) and Tom Crompton (Change Strategist, World Wildlife Federation, UK) “Cognitive Impacts of Environmental Communications.”

Charles T. Salmon (Michigan State University) “Examining Unintended Consequences of Environmental Social Marketing.”

Lee Ahern and Denise Bortree (Penn State University) “Changing Themes in Strategic Environmental Communications: A 30-year History of Green Ads in National Geographic Magazine” Johnson Legacy Scholars

The other researchers who received scholar grants this year and the titles of their projects are:

David Remund (Ph.D. candidate – University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill) “The World’s Work: Editorial Writings of Arthur W. Page, 1919 – 1927, and the Advent of Social Responsibility in Corporate Communications”

Nancy Snow (Syracuse University) “Truth is the Best Propaganda: Edward R. Murrow at the U.S. Information Agency”

Richard H. Cummings (Independent Scholar) "The Great Fund Raiser: Arthur W. Page’s Role in the Evolution of Radio Free Europe and the Success of the Nationwide Crusade for Freedom”

2009 Page/Johnson Legacy Scholars

Andrew Cohen, (Georgia State University) and Jennifer Samp (University of Georgia) “Public Responses to Corporate Apologies: A Study of the Ethics of Corporate Crisis Communication.”

Tom Cooper, (Emerson College) “Enhancing Pedagogical and Curricular Effectiveness: Teaching Ethics to Public Communicators.”

Deni Elliott, (University of South Florida) “The Ethics of Asking: Philanthropy and Breast Cancer.”

Elina Erzikova, (University of Alabama) “Teaching Ethics to Public Relations Students.”

Kevin Hagopian, (Penn State University) “Ethical Dilemmas vs. Tough Choices: Visualizing Ethical Questions in the Journalism Ethics Classroom through Narrative Film: A Toolkit for Journalism Ethics Educators.”

Steven K. May (University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill) “Handbook of Communication Ethics.”

Lee Ann Peck and Nancy Matchett (University of Northern Colorado) “Demonstration Project: An Online Ethics Training Module for Public Relations Professionals.”

Tina Worawongs (Penn State University) “The Menu Foods Pet Food Recall: The Response of a Global Corporation.”

Denise Bortree, (Penn State University) “Ethical Environmental Communication: The Impact of Transparent and Comprehensive Communication on Environmental Legitimacy and the Organization-Public Relationship.”

2008 Page/Johnson Legacy Scholars

Gene Foreman (retired managing editor of The Philadelphia Inquirer) "The Ethical Journalist: Responsible Decision-Making in the Pursuit of News," a journalism textbook

Andrew Cohen (Georgia State University) and Jennifer Samp (University of Georgia) “The Ethics of Corporate Apologies.”

Renita Coleman (University of Texas) and Lesa Hatley-Major (Indiana University) “Ethical Health Communication: A Content Analysis of Predominant Ethical Themes in Public Service Advertisements”

Scott R. Colwell (University of Guelph, Canada) “Market Reaction to Media Reports of Unethical and Irresponsible Corporate Behavior: Does Negative News Really Matter?”

Aziz Douai (Doctoral Candidate, Penn State University) “International Broadcasting and the Management of World Public Opinion: The Case of al-Hurra Television and the ‘Arab Street’”

Jennifer Kish-Gephart (Doctoral Candidate, Penn State University) “Understanding the Determinants of (Un)ethical Choices: Meta-Analytic Answers to Fundamental Ethics Questions”

Jerry Goodstein, Amy S. Wharton (Washington State University) and Mary Blair-Loy (University of California – San Diego) “The Role of Publicly Communicated Corporate Mission and Values in Firm Decisions Regarding Pension Fund Changes”

Lawrence W. Hugenberg and Esther Agyeman-Budu (Kent State University) “Corporate Social Responsibility: Communication in Action”

Stacey Frank Kanihan (Padilla Speer Beardsley, Inc.) and Kathleen A. Hansen (University of Minnesota – Twin Cities) “Commitment to Social Responsibility and the Role of Communication Managers in the Executive Elite”

David M. Mayer (University of Central Florida) “How Do Organizations Communicate the Importance of Ethics?  An Examination of the Antecedents and Consequences of Ethical Climate”

Mark Schwartz (York University, Canada) “Israeli Business Ethics After Enron: Are Codes of Ethics Making Any Difference?”

2007 Page/Johnson Legacy Scholars

Colleen Connolly-Ahern and Maria Cabrera-Baukus (Penn State) “The Effect of Video News Release Attribution on Credibility and Risk Assessment.”

Mary Ann Ferguson (University of Florida) “Interviews with Executive Practitioners Explaining the Influence of Public Relations in 100 Socially Responsible Global Corporations: A Guidebook of Best Practices.”

Kathy Fitzpatrick (DePaul University) “From Propaganda to Soft Power to Public Relations: Exploring The Ethics and Effectiveness of U.S. Public Diplomacy.”

Edward Lordan (West Chester University) and Burton St. John (Old Dominion University) “Ethics of Video News Releases: A Study of VNR Usage Policies at Local Television News Stations.”

Christie M. Kleinmann (Lee University) “Defining Public Relations' Role in Social Responsibility: Practitioners' Perception of Public Relations Ethics in Health Care, Education and Sport.”

Chris MacDonald (Saint Mary’s University) “Ethics, Corporate Communication, and ‘Greenwashing.’”

Seow Ting Lee (Illinois State University) and I-Huei Cheng (University of Alabama) “The Ethics of Public Health Communication: Message Development in Antismoking Campaigns.”

2007 Page/Johnson Legacy Scholar

Steven K. May (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill) “Ethics at Work: Principles and Practices of Ethics Codes.”

2006 Page/Johnson Legacy Scholars

Lee Wilkins (University of Missouri) and Renita Coleman (University of Texas at Austin) "The Moral Media: How Public Relations Professionals Reason about Ethics"

Mary Ann Ferguson (University of Florida) "Fostering Ethics and Social Responsibility in Corporations: A Study of Best Practices in Global Corporations"

Robert W. Kolb and Cynthia Scheopner (University of Colorado at Boulder) to support the development of a new online journal to teach ethics with film titled "Ethics in Film"

Michael Polonsky (Victoria University, Australia) Stacy Landreth Grau (Villanova University) "Measuring and Communicating the Social Impact of Nonprofit Organizations"

Amit Schejter, Mary Beth Oliver, Matt McAllister, and John Christman (Penn State University) "The Ethical Aspects of Product Placement." This project was co-funded with the Rock Ethics Institute at Penn State.

Brooke Fisher Liu (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill) "Crisis in the Homeland: State Government Communication with Hispanics During Disasters.